Folding paper terminology

Compression can be either lossy or lossless. Lossless compression reduced bits by identifying and eliminating statistical redundancy. Traditionally deckle edges were only found on mold-made paper that was made manually using pulp and a special frame. But with modern technology artificial deckle edges can be produced. A feathered edge gives the paper a more old-world feel. The type of paper is seen mostly on fine art paper like watercolor paper.

Density — Density refers to the perceived darkness of a substance, material or image caused by the absorption. Differences in density in relation to color are known as gray levels. Density Range Paper — In printing, any non-uniformity in the density of a printed image, resulting from fading, discoloration, incomplete ink coverage, or other causes. Digital Printing Vs.

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Digital printing is best used when lower quantities are needed. Another benefit of digital printing is variable data printing capabilities. This allows you to print unique codes, names, or addresses on each printed piece. Offset printing is a print solution for larger-scale jobs when printing high quantities of the same piece. Digital proofs are less expensive than press proofs, but cannot be used to check color accuracy. There are several types of digital proofs including, onscreen proofs, desktop laser or inkjet proof, PDF, bluelines also called dylux and high-end color digital proofs.

Dot gain is caused by halftone dots appearing between the original printing film and the final printed output. It is known as the resolution on digital screens or is an indicator of the print quality of a printed piece. Dry Back Print — Dryback is a decrease in the gloss of ink during drying. The gloss level of printing ink is related to the thickness of the ink, the ink absorbency of the paper and the gloss of the paper. Dryback increases with increased penetration of the ink vehicle into the paper, which makes the ink dry faster than it should. This is most often used to bring out middle tones and highlights of an image.

Duplex Paper — Duplex paper is used mostly for the printing of decals.

Printing Terminology

The paper has a thin water-absorbent tissue of laminated onto a heavier stock. Duplex paper has a different finish or color on each of its sides. Related: Duplex printing is a feature of some printers that allows you to print on both sides of the page automatically. It can be found on binoculars, most cameras, video cameras, telescopes and even on some smartphones. Encapsulated PostScript File — An encapsulated postscript file, more commonly known as an EPS file, is a file extension for a graphics file that used vector images from Adobe Illustrator.

An EPS file can contain text, as well as graphics. Most EPS files contain a bitmap version of the image for simpler viewing rather than the vector instructions to draw the image.


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This prevents smudging and multi-faceted print jobs with multiple different elements placed on one page. Some of the common types of fine paper in this grade are bible paper, coated fine paper, inkjet paper, thermal paper, and woodfree uncoated paper. This includes costs like rent, insurance, interest expense, utilities, property taxes, salaried employees, and other resources. Fixed costs combined with variable costs expenses that change in proportion to production output make up your total business expenditures.

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In digital systems, a signal becomes full-scale when its magnitude has reached its highest level. The left and right panels are half the width of the center panels and fold inward to meet in the middle without overlapping. The gatefold is used in brochures to showcase a large interior image with the information printed on the side door-like panels. Some of these inks become glossier when the dry. Holdout — Holdout refers to the property of ink remaining on the surface of the paper rather than soaking in.

Hue — Hue is a color or shade. It is an attribute of color for example, red, green, etc. It is dependent on its dominant wavelength and the intensity of light. Color is at full intensity when not mixed with black or white. You can adjust the intensity of color making it duller by adding gray to the color. Jogger — A machine that uses vibration and a slopping platform to even-up stacks of printed materials.

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Justification — Adjusting the spacing and hyphenation of words and the characters to fill a line of text from end-to-end. Also known as word spacing.

Accordion folding

Key Lines — Lines on a mechanical or negative showing the exact size, shape, and location of images or other graphical elements. Usually is applied to covers, postcards, and other thicker documents. It protects liquids and accents existing colors while providing a glossy finish.

Layout — A sample of the finished work showing the positions and placements of text and visual elements on a printed document. Letter Fold — Two folds creating three panels that allow a sheet of letterhead to fit a business envelope.


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Also called barrel-fold and wrap-around-fold. It describes the amount of light that passes through, is emitted or reflected from a particular area, and falls within a given solid angle.

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Offset Printing — Offset printing is a print method that transfers ink first from a plate, then to a blanket, then to paper opposed to directly from a plate to the paper. Opacity — The measurement of the amount of light passing through a sheet of paper. The orthochromatic film can, therefore, be handled in red light in the darkroom but does not produce black-and-white tones that correspond very closely to the colors seen by the eye.

Acetate overlays are used to separate colors by having some type of art on them instead of on the mounting board. Tissue overlays are used to carry instructions about the underlying copy and to protect the base art. Paper board is also referred to as cardboard but includes other types of thicker than paper material. Paper Grade — Paper grade is a measure of brightness on a scale of There are six total grades.

Being a primary color, these colors cannot be created by mixing other colors. Related: Secondary colors include orange, green, and violet. As a part of the CMYK color model process color, also called four-color, is a subtractive color model used in the printing process. Quark — Stands for QuarkXPress which is a primary software application used in graphic design. Rendering Intent — Rendering intent defines how you get from the input profile to the output profile. It controls the color transformation between input and output profiles.

Printing terminology - Creative Passion

There are a few types of rendering intent such as, perceptual which is photographic absolute, colorimetric, relative colorimetric, saturation. RGB — RGB color is the use of red, green, and blue, which are the primary colors of light in which a computer uses to display images on your screen. RGB Vs.